Open AccessOpen Access refers to free and unrestricted availability of scientific or scholarly literature on the Internet.
In the past, the academic community relied on traditional publication methods to release their scholarly literature. An author submitted a manuscript to a journal. Upon acceptance, the article was printed in a journal issue and sold to libraries or individuals through subscriptions. While this system created financial and physical barriers to access of the literature, they were necessary to ensure proper scholarly review. For decades, this was the most efficient way to disseminate scholarly literature. This is no longer the case.
Open access provides many over the traditional publication model and there are several ways of making research open access.